Deosai plains are alpine zone lying between sub alpine and glacial fields. Shrubs and forbs are dominant. The climax vegetation represents forbs in meadows. Only goats and yaks can utilize this rugged area. At the higher altitude (Above 14000ft) the topography is extremely rugged and grazing is almost impossible.
The plains are a floral extravaganza of the summer months with a recorded number of 582 species (Stewart, 1961), 342 (Woods et al., 1997) and most recent 406 species (Nawaz et al., 2006). The flora of Deosai is influenced by four major floristic elements: Boreoalpine and
Circumpolar; the Euro- Siberain; Southern European/ Mediterranean and Siberian-Mongolian (Mani, 1978).
Examples of genera found with their affinities, include; Boreoalpine & Circumpolar-species of zoogeographic and floral affinities. Ranuncullus, Saxifraga, and Polygonum; Euro-Siberain- Geranium, Bupleurum and Oxytropis, southern European/Mediterranean-Delphinium, Swerita and Thymus, Siberain-Mongolian-Saussurea, Lagotis and Pleurospermum. Other minor floristic elements on the plains such as the Sino-Himalayan, included Cremanthodium and Picrorhiza.