BIRDS OF DEOSAI NATIONAL PARK

1. Chukor Partridge

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 500 g
Body length: 32-35 cm (13-14 in.)
Wingspan: 80cm (31.49 in.)

Chukor Partridge (Alectoris chukor) is a Eurasian game
bird in the pheasant family Phasianidae. Chukors are sandy brown
overall with bold, vertical black bars on the sides. A dark band
through the eyes wraps around the white cheek and throat. A red bill
and eye ring tops off the look. They have short legs, and a small
round head. In flight, the tail is square and the wings are broad and
rounded. They live in dry high-elevation shrub lands; usually occur
on steep, rocky hillsides with a mixture of brush, grasses, and forbs.
Chukors are ground foragers and are predominantly vegetarian as
adults; chicks are fed mainly insects and nest on ground, laying 10-21 eggs.

2. Citrine Wagtail

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 18-25 g
Body length: 10-20 cm (3.93-7.87 in.)
Wingspan: 23-25 cm (9-10 in.)

Citrine Wagtail (Motacilla citreola) is a small
songbird in the family Motacillidae. It is a slender, 10-20
cm long bird, with the long and constantly wagging tail.
This species breeds in wet meadows, tundra, mountain
meadows and generally in wet areas including marshes
and edges of lakes. This is an insectivorous bird and
nest on ground, laying 4-5 speckled eggs.

3. Northern Pintail

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 18-25 g
Body length: 58-76 cm (23-30 in.)
Clutch size: 3-12 eggs
Wingspan: 80-95 cm (31.49-37.40 in.)

Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) is a duck with wide geographical distribution, belongs to
family Anatidae. Northern Pintails are elegant, long-necked ducks with a slender profile. The
tail is long and pointed. In flight, the wings are long and narrow. It is a bird of open wetlands
which nests in the ground. Northern Pintails nest in seasonal wetlands, croplands, grasslands,
wet meadows, and short grass prairies. They forage in nearby shallow wetlands, lakes, and
ponds. They spend the nonbreeding season in wetlands, ponds, lakes, bays, tidal marshes, and
flooded agricultural fields.

 

Read More...

4. Common Teal

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 270- 320 g
Body length: 34-38 cm (13.38-14.96 in.)
Wingspan: 17.5- 20.4 cm (6.9-8 in.)
Clutch size: 7-11 eggs

Common Teal (Anas crecca) is a common and
widespread duck. Male Green-winged Teal have a
dark grey body with a russet head, and a large,
dark-green eye-patch extending to its nape.
Females are light mottled brown with a dark eyeline characteristic of all dabbler females. They
have short, blocky bodies and their tails sit high
out of the water. The head is large, the neck is
short, and the bill is relatively small. The Greenwinged Teals diet is very diverse, relying on insects
and aquatic vegetation.

5. Mallard Duck

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 1082g
Body length: 50-65 cm (20-26 in.)
Wingspan: 81-98 cm (31.88-38.58 in.)
Clutch size: 8-13 eggs

Mallard Duck (Anas platyrhynchos) can be found almost anywhere in the world. It is a
medium to large dabbling duck. The duck morphology is complemented with an iridescent blue
speculum on the wings in both sexes. On the male, the notable characteristics are the green
iridescent plumage on the head and neck, and curled black feathers on the tail. The female’s
plumage is drab brown. Most often, they prefer wetlands, where highly productive waters
produce large amounts of floating, emergent and submerged vegetation Wetlands also produce
a great deal of aquatic invertebrates on which mallards feed.

6. Ibis Bill

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 270-320 g
Body length: 39-41cm (15.35-16.14 in.)
Bill length: 7-8 cm (2.75-3.14 in.)
Clutch size: 2-4 eggs

The Ibisbill (Ibidorhyncha struthersii) belongs to the order Charadriiformes. Ibisbill have a grey
plumage and a white belly. Their long legs are crimson in breeding adults, green in non-breeding adults
and pale grey in juveniles. It has a long reddish neck, a black face and a breast band. Male and female
Ibisbill are similar in appearance, however, juveniles lack the black face and black breast band and the
beak is duller in color. The Ibisbill‟s red beak is unique in that it curves downwards to enable the bird to
probe in the mud and gravel of streams for food. The Ibisbill prefers stony riverbeds and shingle
riverbanks in high zones of Central Asia and the Himalayan and Tibetan Plateau valleys.

7. Common Crane

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 5487 g
Body length: 112-130 cm (44-51 in.)
Wingspan: 201-231 cm (79-91 in.)
Clutch size: 2 eggs

Common Crane (Grus grus) is a large, stately bird and
a medium-sized crane, gray overall with a
black face, chin, throat and neck; shows a patch of bare
red skin on crown. Broad white stripe extends from
behind eye down back of neck. Black flight feathers and
short tail are visible in flight. Bill is dull yellow and legs
and feet are black. They feed preferably on seeds, berries,
grain, and young shoots. Frequently eats insects and mollusks,
occasionally takes small mammals, fish, and frogs. They choose
dry places to look for food.

8. Black-winged Stilt

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 165-205 g
Body length: 33-36 cm (13-14 in.)
Clutch size: 2-5 eggs

The Black-winged Stilts (Himantopus himantopus) also known as Common Stilts or Pied
Stilts – are globally widespread wading birds. The Black-winged Stilt is a large black and white
wader with long orange-red legs and a straight black bill. It has black on the back of the neck, a
white collar and a red iris. Both sexes are similar, and the plumage does not change during the
year. Young Black-winged Stilts lack black on the back of the neck and have grey-brown wings
and back, speckled with white. They have a smudged grey crown, which extends down the back
of the neck as the birds get older. The Black-winged Stilt is a social species, and is usually found
in small groups. They prefer freshwater and saltwater marshes, mudflats, and the shallow edges
of lakes and rivers. Black-winged Stilts feed mainly on aquatic insects, but will also take mollusks
and crustaceans. They rarely swim for food, preferring instead to wade in shallow water, and
seize prey on or near the surface.

9. Graylag Goose

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 2500-4100 g
Body length: 76-90 cm (30-35 in.)
Wingspan: 147-180 cm (57-70 in.)
Clutch size: 3-12 eggs

The wild Graylag Goose (Anser anser) is the ancestor of most domesticated geese, also simple
known as Grey Geese. The „‟lag‟‟ portion of the common name was derived from the fact that they
are one of the last geese to migrate (lagging behind other migrating geese). Graylag goose plumage is
grayish-brown, with pale margins on feathers in the upper part. In the lower part it has a white belly
and grayish shading on the lower breast. Similar to all of this is the neck and the head. It has an
orange, large bill. Graylag goose is mainly vegetarian, feeding on various plant items such as grass and
leaves, roots, stems, fruits and sprouts of numerous plants‟ species. During winter, it also takes grain
and vegetables. They occupy a wide variety of habitats associated with water in open country.

10. Demoiselle Crane

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 2000-3000 g
Body length: 90 cm (35 in.)
Wingspan: 51-59 cm (20-23 in.)
Clutch size: 2-4 eggs

The Demoiselle Crane (Grus virgo) is the smallest of the cranes species. In Demoiselle crane
both sexes look alike. The demoiselle crane has long legs, a long neck and a long, compressed bill.
Its body is light bluish gray with light gray on the crown and along the back of the neck and the
nape. The face and front of the neck is dark gray with long, pointed feathers hanging over the
breast area. White ear tufts circle the sides and back of head. The iris is red and the beak is olive at
the base, yellowish at the middle and orange at the tip. The legs and toes are black, as are the
primary and secondary flight feathers, and the tail feathers are gray with black tips. They inhabit
semi-arid savannas and steppes or high plateaus. They feed mainly on seeds and other plants parts,
occasionally feeds on insects.

11. White-Winged Redstart

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 21-29 g
Body length: 18 cm (7 in.)
Wingspan: 30 cm (11 in.)

The White-winged Redstart (Phoenicurus erythrogastrus) is one of the largest redstarts.
The adult male is black above except for a white crown, a white patch on the wing, and an
orange-red tail; below the throat and upper breast are black, and the rest of the under parts a
rich orange-red. The female is brown above and orange-buff below, with an orange-red tail. It
feeds on fruit and a wide variety of invertebrates. They breed in alpine zones near permanent
snow, in dry streambeds, rocky alpine meadows, stone fields and flint with some trees and
herbs, flat parts of high passes and mountain gorges.

12. Masked Wagtail

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 21-29 g
Body length: 16-19cm (6-7 in.)
Wingspan: 8-9 cm (3 in.)
Clutch size: 3-7 eggs

The Masked wagtail (Motacilla personata) very resembles the White wagtail. It is well
distinguished from the White Wagtail by the black flanks of the neck; black extends to the
fore part of the mantle. On side view the black color of the head and of the craw is not
divided by the white. The median and greater wing coverts are white. The tail is black; outer
tail feathers are white. The bill and legs are black. In fresh plumage except the listed features
it is also characterized by the throat not white but black with clearly appearing white. The
chin is white. Juveniles differ from the White Wagtail by the smoke-grey throat and craw.

13. Pied Kingfisher

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 70-100 g
Body length: 25 cm (9.84 in.)
Wingspan: 13.3-14.2 cm (5.24-5.59 in.)
Clutch size: 1-7 eggs

The Pied kingfisher (Ceryle rudis) is a medium-sized kingfisher and has the distinctive
kingfisher body type, with a large head, small body, small feet, and long, dagger-like bill. They
have distinctive black and white coloration, spotted on the wings, and with a black crown on
the head. There are no size differences between male and female birds. Pied kingfishers feed
mainly on fish, but they also consume crustaceans and large aquatic insects. Pied kingfishers
live along streams, lakes, rivers, estuaries, irrigation ditches, canals, bays, flood lands, and reedy
inlets. Near mountainous areas, they live in lower river valleys.

14. Sharp-tailed Sandpiper

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: M: 53-144 g – F: 39-105 g
Body length: 17-22 cm (6.6- 8.6 in.)
Wingspan: 36-43 cm (14.17 -16.92 in.)
Clutch size: 4 eggs

The Sharp-tailed Sandpiper (Calidris acuminate) is a medium sized wader with a straight
black bill that has an olive-grey base. It has a chestnut crown and nape, a white eyebrow, and
reddish brown upper parts, with each feather having a black center. The rump and tail are
black, with white outer margins visible in flight. The wings have an indistinct white bar. The
breast and flanks are white, streaked and speckled black, with a reddish brown tinge on the
chest, grading into a white belly and under tail. The Sharp-tailed Sandpiper prefers the grassy
edges of shallow inland freshwater wetlands. It is also found around sewage farms, flooded
fields, mudflats, mangroves, rocky shores and beaches. It feeds on aquatic insects and their
larvae, as well as worms, mollusscs, crustaceans and sometimes, seeds. It is often found in
large flocks, often with other waders, foraging in shallow waters.

15. Snow Pigeon

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 255-307 g
Body length: 31-32 cm (12.2-13.4 in.)
Wingspan: 20-26 cm (50-60 in.)
Clutch size: 2 eggs

The Snow pigeon (Columba leuconota) is a species of bird in the family columbidae from hilly
region of central Asia. Their back is brownish grey with a white patch on the lower back. They
have pale gray wings with three brown bars. Their black tail have a clear white band in the middle
which narrows and curve forward to reach the tip of outermost tail features. Young birds have
narrow pale buff margins to the feathers of the upper parts and wings. The white of the under
parts is sullied with buff. Snow pigeons breed in colonies. The nests are placed in crevices or
caves in the face of cliffs or ledges of rock. They are made of twigs, straw, feathers and
grass. They forage in open country in pairs or small groups, feeding on grain, buds, shoots,
berries, and seeds

16. Twite

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 14-18 g
Body length: 12.5-14 cm (5-5.5 in.)
Wingspan: 22-24 cm (8.6-9.4 in.)
Clutch size: 3-6 eggs

The Twite (Carduelis flavirostris) is a small brown passerine bird in the finch family (Fringillidae).
They are generally yellowish brown in appearance with dark streaks on many parts of their plumage.
They have yellowish beaks and paler yellowish throats with no markings. Their caps are brown and
streaked. Males have pinkish rumps. Twites have black legs and brown irises. Their beaks are yellow
in the winter and yellowish grey with a black tip in the summer. They feed on seeds, split grain, buds
and some insects. In the breeding season, Twite usually occurs in treeless habitats particularly in the
uplands, marginal uplands, sea coasts and cliffs. Upland habitats with heather, bracken and gorse are
all popular breeding locations. Moorland edge habitat is often particularly attractive to them
especially when in close proximity to farmland.

17. Horned Lark

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 28-48 g
Body length: 16-20 cm (6.3-7.9 in.)
Wingspan: 30-34 cm (11.8-13.4 in.)
Clutch size: 2-5 eggs

Horned Larks (Eremop[hila alpestris) are small,
long-bodied songbirds that usually adopt a
horizontal posture. They have short, thin bills, short
necks, and rounded heads. Male Horned larks are
sandy to rusty brown above, with a black chest
band, a curving black mask, and head stripes that
extend to the back of the head (sometimes raised
into tiny “horns”). The face and throat are either
yellow or white. The under parts are white. Females
have similar head and breast patterns but are less
crisply defined. They breed in short grassland, shortstature
sage shrub land, desert, and even alpine and
arctic tundra. They forages entirely by walking and
running on the ground, picking up items from
ground or from plants low enough to reach. Except
when nesting, usually forages in flocks.

18. Wall Creeper

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 17-19 g
Body length: 16-17 cm (6.2-6.6 in.)
Wingspan: 63-78 cm (24.8-30.7 in.)
Clutch size: 2-4 eggs

The Wall Creeper (Tichodroma muraria) is a medium-sized, colorful, rock-creeping passerine
bird. Their plumage is mix of dusky grey, black, and white, with large flashing carmine wingpatch. They have long bill and large feet. The wall creeper is almost constantly in motion; on
steep rock faces, the bird characteristically flicks its wings half-open like a butterfly. Wall creeper
feeds primarily on insects. It catches damselflies, Plecoptera, grasshoppers and crickets, bugs,
Lepidoptera and Diptera, ants, bees and beetles. It also takes spiders, small molluscs and other
invertebrates. Wall creeper frequents several types of rocky areas with steeps, cliffs and boulderstrewn slopes and gorges in mountains. This species needs holes and crevices for nesting and
roosting. The habitat often includes rocky and grassy ledges, vegetation such as moss, shrubs
and trees, and running water.

19. White-capped Redstart

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 24-42 g
Body length: 18-19 cm (7-7.4 in.)
Clutch size: 3-5 eggs

White-capped Redstart (Phoenicurus leucocephalus) is a bright colored bird. Background color is
black with metal glance which is not well appreciable from distance. The abdomen, rear part of the
back, upper tail and large part of the tail are reddish-rufous color. There is the wide black band on the tail’s end. The crown is white. Males and females are similar but on carefully contemplation of color especially on breeding time it is probably to behold the difference between males and females. Males have some larger white crown than females. The bright metal glance of the black feathers of breast, neck and craw is observed on males only. These feathers on females are dimmer. The White-capped
redstart breeds along rocky rivers and streams, and waterfalls. It frequents the boulders in rushing
water and the wet cliffs covered in moss, and can be seen from foothills up to the highest elevations
between 1800 and 5000 meters, but usually between 2400 and 4200 meters. It performs altitudinal
movements and usually winters from lowlands to foothills, along rivers or canals, and this species is a
short-distance migrant. The White-capped redstart feeds primarily on various insect species such
as ephemeropterans, dipteran flies, crane flies, beetles and ants. It also takes spiders and
molluscs. According to the season, it may consume occasionally berries and grass seeds.

20. White-throated Dipper

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 65 g
Body length: 18 cm (7 in.)
Wingspan: 28 cm (11.02 in.)
Clutch size: 4-5 eggs

The white-throated dipper (Cinclus cinclus) is a small bird that belongs to passerines. It‟s a
roundish bird with a short tail and short legs. It‟s black and brown except for the throat and
upper breast, which are white. Young individuals are grey. Their legs and feet are black and thin,
with three toes forward and one backward. White-throated dipper prefers cold climates and
mountains, including rocky places like cliffs and peaks. They are also found near waterfalls and
lakes. White-throated dipper forage by walking underwater, rather than swimming like other
water birds. They feed primarily on aquatic invertebrates, larval forms of aquatic insects, and
small fish.

21. Golden Eagle

Conservation status: Least concern
Body weight: 5000 g
Body length: 166-102 cm (26-40 in.)
Wingspan: 180-220 cm (70-86.6 in.)
Clutch size: 1-3 eggs

The Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) is one of the largest, fastest, and nimblest raptors. Lustrous
gold feathers gleam on the back of its head and neck; a powerful beak and talons advertise its
hunting prowess. For their first several years of life, young birds have neatly defined white patches
at the base of the tail and in the wings. Golden Eagles favor partially or completely open country,
especially around mountains, hills, and cliffs. They use a variety of habitats ranging from arctic to
desert, including tundra, shrub lands, grasslands, coniferous forests, farmland, and areas along
rivers and streams. Usually found alone or in pairs, Golden Eagles typically soar or glide with
wings lifted into a slight “V” and the wingtip feathers spread like fingers. They capture prey on or
near the ground, locating it by soaring, flying low over the ground, or hunting from a perch.

22. Saker Falcon

Conservation status: Endangered
Body weight: 730-1300 g
Body length: 45-55 cm (17.71-21.65 in.)
Wingspan: 100-130 cm (70-86.6 in.)
Clutch size: 3-5 eggs

Saker Falcon (Falco cherrug) is a big, strong bird of prey with large feet and pointed wings. Sakers
exhibit great variation in color and pattern, ranging from a fairly uniform chocolate brown color to a
cream or straw base with brown bars or streaks to brown-eyed leucistic individuals, which are
especially prized by Arab falconers. In general, Sakers have white or pale spots on the inner webs of
their tail feathers. As the under wing is usually pale, it has a translucent appearance when contrasted
against the dark axillaries and primary tips. Sakers are not social birds; they prefer not to establish their
nests close to other nesting pairs. They occupy stick nests in trees, about 15 to 20 meters above the
ground, in parklands and open forests at the edge of the tree line.

23. Himalayan Griffon vulture

Conservation status: Near threatened
Body weight: 8000-12000 g
Body length: 95-130 cm (37.40-51.18 in.)
Wingspan: 270-300 cm (106.3-118.1 in.)
Clutch size: 1 egg

Himalayan Griffon Vulture (Gyps himalayensis) is the largest of the genus Gyps. This is a
huge vulture and is perhaps the largest and heaviest bird found in the Himalayas. The plumage is
pale overall, with whitish to creamy-white body and wing-coverts. The base of the neck is
surrounded by a whitish ruff, and the patches of bare skin on the sides of the neck base are
pinkish. The bill is pale bluish-grey with darker tip. The eyes are dark brown, surrounded by a
pale blue-grey eye-ring. Legs and feet are pinkish-grey. The species is found mainly in the higher
regions of the Himalayas, the Pamirs, Kazakhstan and on the Tibetan Plateau (technically
in China), with northwestern limits of the breeding range being in Afghanistan and southern
limits in Bhutan. The Himalayan Griffon Vulture feeds only on carrion.

Deosai

National

Park